How to Create an Irresistible Deer Food Plot: A Step-by-Step Guide

How to Make a Food Plot for Deer

If you love observing wildlife and want to attract deer to your property, creating a food plot can be a great way to do it. Not only does it provide food for deer, but it also creates an opportunity for hunting and wildlife management. Here are some simple steps to help you make a food plot that is not only attractive to deer, but also sustainable.

Step 1: Choose the Right Location

The location of your food plot is crucial for its success. Look for an area with good soil quality, adequate sunlight, and natural deer movement. Ideally, the site should be close to a water source and surrounded by a mix of open areas, woods, and cover for the deer to feel safe.

Step 2: Soil Preparation

Prepare the soil by removing any vegetation and tilling the ground. This will help eliminate competition for nutrients and create a favorable growing environment. Test the soil pH level and make necessary adjustments to ensure optimal growth. A pH level between 6.0 and 7.0 is ideal for most food plot vegetation.

Step 3: Choose the Right Seeds

Deciding on which seeds to plant depends on your specific goals. There are various options available, including clover, alfalfa, wheat, brassicas, and soybeans. Research the nutritional needs of deer in your region and select the seeds accordingly. Consider planting a mixture of different crops to provide a year-round food source.

Step 4: Planting Techniques

Use a seed spreader or broadcaster to evenly distribute the seeds over the prepared soil. Plant at the recommended depth and spacing to ensure proper germination and growth. Make sure to follow the instructions provided by the seed manufacturer. It is also essential to plant the seeds at the right time of the year when the soil temperature and moisture levels are appropriate.

Step 5: Fertilizer and Weed Control

Applying the right amount of fertilizer is important to promote healthy growth and maximize the nutritional value of the food plot. Choose a fertilizer with a balanced ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Additionally, implement a weed control program to prevent unwanted vegetation from overpowering your food plot.

Step 6: Maintenance and Monitoring

Regular maintenance is key to ensuring the success of your food plot. This includes mowing, fertilizing, and keeping weeds under control. Monitor the growth of the plants and check for any signs of disease or insect infestation. Adjust your management practices accordingly to maintain a healthy and thriving food plot.

Step 7: Safety and Hunting Considerations

If hunting is part of your objective, it’s essential to ensure safety and strategic placement. Install tree stands or ground blinds in areas that provide good visibility while maintaining a safe distance from nearby roads or residences. Practice responsible hunting practices and adhere to local game laws and regulations.

Step 8: Water Source and Cover

Aside from food, deer also require a nearby water source and cover for security. Consider building a small watering hole or pond nearby, and preserve or create natural cover such as tall grasses, shrubs, or trees. These additional elements will further attract deer to your food plot and provide a safe and comfortable habitat.

Frequently Asked Questions Of How To Create An Irresistible Deer Food Plot: A Step-by-step Guide

How To Prepare Soil For A Food Plot?

Prepare soil by removing vegetation, tilling the land, testing pH levels, and adding necessary amendments.

What Are The Best Food Plot Crops For Deer?

The best food plot crops for deer include clover, chicory, brassicas, and cereal grains.

When Is The Best Time To Plant A Food Plot For Deer?

Plant food plots in early spring or late summer to provide adequate time for growth before hunting season.

How Do I Keep Deer From Eating My Food Plot?

Use fencing or electric wires to deter deer, plant repellent crops like turnips or use deer repellent sprays.


Creating a food plot for deer is a rewarding endeavor that can enhance your wildlife habitat and provide an opportunity for hunting. By following these steps and dedicating time and effort, you can establish a thriving food plot that sustains deer population and enriches your overall outdoor experience.

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